Fact Hub

Cancer Fact Hub

Cancer Education Fact hub is a comprehensive online resource that provides evidence-based information and resources on various types of cancer, treatments, and cancer prevention strategies. The Fact hub page aims to answer commonly asked questions related to cancer, with the goal of increasing public awareness and understanding of this complex disease.

The Fact hub page is organized into several categories, including cancer causes and risk factors, cancer diagnosis and treatment, cancer prevention, and living with cancer. Each category provides a list of frequently asked questions and answers that are concise, clear, and easy to understand.

What is cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells.

What causes cancer

Cancer can be caused by genetic mutations, exposure to certain chemicals or radiation, viral infections, lifestyle factors such as smoking or poor diet, and other factors.

What are the symptoms of cancer

Symptoms of cancer vary depending on the type and stage of the disease, but can include fatigue, unexplained weight loss, pain, and changes in skin colour or texture.

How is cancer diagnosed

Cancer can be diagnosed through imaging tests, such as X-rays and CT scans, or through biopsies, where a small piece of tissue is removed and examined under a microscope.

What are cancer screenings

Cancer screenings can help doctors catch certain cancers (breast, cervical and bowel) at an early stage, which means they are more likely to be successfully treated.

Can cancer be cured

Some cancers can be cured with treatment, while others may be managed as a chronic condition.

What are the treatment options for cancer

Treatment options for cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.

What is chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells.

What is radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells.

What is targeted therapy

Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to specifically target and attack cancer cells.

What is immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that helps the body’s immune system fight cancer.

How does cancer spread

Cancer can spread through the bloodstream or lymphatic system, or by growing into nearby tissues and organs.

What is metastasis

Metastasis is the spread of cancer from its original site to other parts of the body.

What is a tumour

A tumour is an abnormal growth of tissue that can be either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

What is the difference between benign and malignant tumours

Benign tumours are not cancerous and do not spread to other parts of the body, while malignant tumours are cancerous and can spread to other parts of the body.

What is staging in cancer

Staging in cancer refers to the extent and spread of the disease, which helps determine the best course of treatment.

What is the survival rate for cancer

Survival rates for cancer vary depending on the type and stage of the disease, as well as other factors such as age and overall health.

Can cancer be prevented

Some types of cancer can be prevented through lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet and exercise regimen, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption.

The HPV vaccine helps protect against cancers caused by the HPV virus, including cervical cancer. It is given to boys and girls aged 12 and 13 and is available on the NHS up to the age of 25.

What is palliative care

Palliative care is a type of care that focuses on relieving symptoms and improving quality of life for people with serious illnesses, including cancer.

What is hospice care

Hospice care is a type of end-of-life care that provides support and comfort for people with advanced or terminal illnesses, including cancer.

How can I support a loved one with cancer

You can support a loved one with cancer by offering emotional support, helping with daily tasks, accompanying them to appointments, and educating yourself about their type of cancer and treatment options.